After the prosecutor has presented their witnesses, they will “rest”. At this point the defense may present witnesses of their own. However, the defense does not have to do anything at all. In fact, it is very common for the defense to “rest” immediately after the prosecution. If the defense presents evidence, the attorney may make an opening statement, and then call witnesses. The defense attorney will then conduct a direct examination, and the prosecutor will be allowed to cross-examine the witnesses.